Due to the governor's mandate, masks are required for all visitors and staff to enter the building. No exceptions.

Contact Us: 630-403-0147. Get Directions. Emergency Locations 

Distemper

What Is It?

Despite common myth, distemper does not have anything to do with a pet’s temperament. Distemper is a highly contagious viral disease. It is an often-fatal disease that affects the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and central nervous system.

How Is It Transmitted?

Distemper is spread mainly by direct contact or airborne exposure. When an infected dog or wild animal barks, sneezes or coughs that animal releases aerosol droplets into the environment which can infect nearby animals and surfaces, such as food and water bowls.

What Are The Symptoms?

Most dogs will develop symptoms approximately 3-6 days after being infected. The initial symptoms can vary depending on the severity of the case and the pet’s general health. Symptoms that are most notable are:

  • Fever
  • Nasal discharge
  • Eye discharge
  • Lethargy
  • Coughing
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Head tilt
  • Seizures

How Is It Diagnosed And Treated?

There are many diseases and medical issues that can cause the signs and symptoms like distemper, however there are very few that will cause all of them at the same time. Vets can use a combination of clinical signs as well as diagnostic test to determine a positive diagnosis.

There is no cure for canine distemper. Once your pet is diagnosed vets are only able to provide supportive care to try to make them as comfortable as possible. Vets strongly encourage isolation so that your pet does not transfer the disease on.

There is a small survival rate, however survival is possible & dependent upon your pet’s health and the length of infection. Many survivors will exhibit neurological symptoms and long-term health complications because of the infection.

Canine Hepatitis

What Is It?

Canine hepatitis is a form of hepatitis that is unique to canines only and causes inflammation of the liver.

How Is It Transmitted?

Canine hepatitis can only be spread by members of the dog/ canine family. This includes their wild counterparts such as foxes, and coyotes. The virus is present in urine and eye/nose discharge. A pet becomes infected by direct contact with these infected materials.

What Are The Symptoms?

Dogs may not show any signs or symptoms for up to 14 days after becoming infected. While signs and symptoms may vary depending on pets’ health the following are the most common signs and symptoms:

  • Eye Cloudiness
  • Fever
  • Coughing
  • Abdominal pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea

How Is It Diagnosed And Treated?

The rapid on-set of clinical symptoms paired with antibody or blood test will be needed to confirm the diagnosis. If your pet is extremely young, they may need a blood transfusion. However, for healthy pets many vets will focus on supportive care for their body to help the dogs natural immune system to fight it off.

While many pets have an optimistic prognosis after a hepatitis diagnosis, it can make your pet more prone to long term medical issues such as chronic eye cloudiness, kidney damage or even chronic hepatitis.

Parvo

What Is It?

Parvo (parvovirus) is a virus that is highly contagious and attacks the stomach and small intestines.

How Is It Transmitted?

Parvo is extremely contagious, while it is spread through contaminated feces, small amounts of fecal matter is required to cause either a direct or in direct exposure to the virus. The virus can live on most surfaces including food/ water bowls, leashes, collars, clothes and even on the hands of humans. This virus also is resistant to heat, cold, humidity and dry environments. As a result it can last in the environment for long periods of time with the potential to infect your pet.

What Are The Symptoms?

Young puppies are the most vulnerable to the parvo virus, however this does not mean that a mature dog cannot get it. The sooner you catch the early signs of the virus the better, most severe cases need treatment within the first 48 to 72 hours. Notify your vet immediately if you observe the following symptoms.

  • Bloody diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Lethargy
  • Loss of interest in food
  • Weight loss
  • Weakness
  • Dehydration

How Is It Diagnosed And Treated?

Parvo can be diagnosed through a rectal swab or through blood work. Currently there is no cure for the parvovirus. Proper supportive care will help your dog’s natural immune system fight off the virus. Your vet may also put your dog on antibiotics as a preventive, since your dog may be more susceptible to a secondary bacterial infection.

Canine Parainfluenza

What Is It?

Canine Parainfluenza is a highly contagious respiratory virus that causes inflammation of the respiratory airways. This virus is one of the causes of “kennel cough” which is commonly applied term to most upper respiratory problems in dogs.

How Is It Transmitted?

Canine parainfluenza is transmitted primarily between dogs in close quarters through infected aerosolized droplets. Puppies and aged adult canines whose immune systems may be compromised are at a higher risk of contracting the virus.

What Are The Symptoms?

  • Hacking cough
  • Coughing up phlegm
  • Sneezing
  • Nasal Discharge
  • Fever
  • Lethargy

How Is It Diagnosed And Treated?

Your pet’s doctor will use clinic symptoms, as well as advanced diagnostic tools to assist with the diagnosis of canine parainfluenza. Depending on the severity of your dog’s case your doctor may prescribe medication to assist with treating the symptoms associated with the virus. Supportive care will allow your dog’s immune system a better chance to successfully fight off the virus. Due to the high transmission of this virus it is important to keep your pet away from other dogs as much as possible and away from areas commonly visited by other dogs.

Bordetella

What Is It?

Bordetella causes inflammation of your dogs upper respiratory system. This is the primary bacteria that contributes to “kennel cough”, which is a commonly applied term to most upper respiratory problems in dogs.

How Is It Transmitted?

Bordetella is highly contagious and is spread between dogs through aerosol droplets, direct contact or contact with contaminated surfaces like water or food bowls.

What Are The Symptoms?

  • Dry coughing
  • Nasal Discharge
  • Lethargy
  • Fever
  • Lack of appetite

How Is It Diagnosed And Treated?

Your dog’s doctor will use pet history and behavior as well as clinical signs to diagnosis Bordetella. Depending on the severity of your dog’s case there are several ways that Bordetella is treated. When treating Bordetella your vet may also choose to offer symptomatic treatments as well.

Leptospirosis

What Is It?

Leptospirosis is a infectious disease caused by the Leptospira bacterium. This disease can cause serious damage to the kidney and liver This bacterial can be found worldwide in soil and water.

How Is It Transmitted?

Leptospirosis a is a zoonotic disease, which means that it can spread between people and animals. Your pet can become infected with lepto by eating or drinking contaminated water or soil. Your pet can also become infected if there is exposure to a infected wild animal urine. Many of the native animals that we can find in our own backyard are carriers of the leotospira bacteria.

What Are The Symptoms?

Some dogs may show no signs or symptoms at all when infected, or symptoms may come on suddenly. Since not all pets show signs and symptoms right away it is important to react once your pet starts showing the below signs and symptoms as it can be fatal if not treated:

  • Lethargy
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Increased urination
  • Fever
  • Increased thirst
  • Jaundice (lining of mouth and white of eyes turn yellow)
  • Difficulty breathing

How Is It Diagnosed And Treated?

Leptospirosis may be suspected depending on your pet’s lifestyle, environmental exposure, as well as clinical symptoms. Your vet will be able to confirm the diagnosis with an additional tool such as blood test, urinalysis, and cultures

Lepto is generally treated with supportive care as well as with antibiotics. During recovery it is important to protect yourself as well as other pets you may have. If there are concerns about possible transmission to your or human member of your family, please consult your physician about it.

Canine Influenza

What Is It?

Canine influenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by a specific type of influenza virus (H3N8 and H3N2). This is often called the “dog flu”.

How Is It Transmitted?

Canine influenza is transmitted through airborne respiratory secretions. These often come from an infected dog coughing– barking, or sneezing and having another uninfected dog come directly into contact with the infected secretions or encountering contaminated objects such as water bowls, kennel surfaces etc. There is no evidence at this time that canine influenza can spread to humans, and there has never been a recorded case of this occurring.

What Are The Symptoms?

There are several symptoms that can be indicators of canine influenza. Canine influenza can occure year round and may exhibit itself differently from dog to dog. Below are the more common symptoms;

  • Coughing
  • Sneezing
  • Nasal discharge
  • Fever
  • Lethargy
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Eye discharge
  • Loss of appetite

How Is It Diagnosed And Treated?

Your dog’s doctor will use pet history, as well as clinic signs to diagnosis canine influenza. There is no cure for it, however supportive care and treatment is important to support their natural immune system. While your pet is recovering it is important to keep them away from other dogs who may contract the virus from your dog.

Lyme

What Is It?

Lyme disease is a bacterial illness that can be transmitted to humans and dogs through a tick bite. Lyme disease can cause problems throughout the body or can affect only certain organs.

How Is It Transmitted?

Lyme disease is transmitted by ticks. While lyme disease can affect both humans and pets it cannot be spread between them. Ticks will wait on tall grasses or brush and will crawl onto an unsuspecting victim when they come into contact with the long grass or brush.

What Are The Symptoms?

Lyme disease is sadly a common disease among dogs. The symptoms can vary but most commonly include the following;

  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Lethargy
  • Lameness
  • Stiffness in joints
  • Swelling of joints

How Is It Diagnosed And Treated?

Your dog’s doctor will use pet history, clinical signs and blood testing to confirm a Lyme disease diagnosis. Lyme disease may be treated in a few different ways depending on the severity of the infection. Treatments most commonly include antibiotics and supportive care but may need along term treatment depending on the severity of the infection.

Rabies

What Is It?

Rabies is a deadly, but preventable disease caused by a virus that attacks the nervous system.

How Is It Transmitted?

Rabies is a viral disease that can spread between people and pets if they are bitten or scratched by a rabid (rabies positive) animal. Any mammal can get and transmit rabies, including natural wildlife, domestic pets and even humans.

What Are The Symptoms?

Once the rabies virus enters the body it travels to the brain and attacks the nervous system. Depending on where on the body the bite occurs it can take 3-12 weeks for symptoms to show. Once the follow symptoms are seen they progress quickly.

  • Ataxia (uncoordinated walking)
  • Lethargy
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Lack of appetite
  • Extreme or abnormal aggressive behavior
  • Excessive drooling/ saliva production
  • Paralysis

How Is It Diagnosed And Treated?

Rabies infection is a fatal virus to pets, once infected there is no current treatment that can be offered. A positive diagnosis can only be confirmed after death, through a microscopic exam of the brain tissue.

Additional Notes

The best way to protect your pet is ensure that they are update on their rabies vaccine. According to Illinois law (510 ILCS 5/8)  Sec. 8. (A)“Every dog owner with a dog 4 months or more of ages shall have each dog inoculated against rabies by a licensed veterinarian” Sec. 8. (B) “Every owner of a cat that is a companion animal and is 4 months or more of age shall have each cat inoculated against rabies by a licensed veterinarian.“

Feline Herpies

What Is It?

Feline herpesvirus (FVR) is an form a herpes that only causes infections in domestic and wild cats. FVR is the major cause of upper respiratory disease in cats and can cause conjunctivitis.

How Is It Transmitted?

FVR is transmitted by direct and in-direct contact. The virus can be found in saliva and in discharge from the eyes and nose. This virus can live on inanimate objects as well.

What Are The Symptoms?

Most cats will show signs and symptoms 2-5 days after becoming infected with FVR. Once a cat has become infected with FVR they will become carriers of it. The most common symptoms are;

  • Sneezing
  • Nasal congestion
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Excessive blinking
  • Nasal discharge
  • Fever
  • Lethargy
  • Loss of appetite

How Is It Diagnosed And Treated?

Your cat’s doctor will use pet history and behavior as well as clinic signs to diagnosis FVR. There are also tests available to detect the FVR particles in nasal or eye discharge. If the virus is in a latent state (no clinical signs) these test results may not be accurate. Treatment of FVR is more symptomatically focused. By treating your cats symptoms we give your cats natural immunity a better chance to overcome the active infection. If any eye issues have arisen as a result of this it may require additional treatment and/ or supplements.

Feline Distemper

What Is It?

Feline distemper (also known as FPV and Feline Panleukopenia) is a highly contagious viral disease that can be debilitating and even fatal.

How Is It Transmitted?

FVP is transmitted through contact with an infected cat’s saliva, urine, blood, nasal discharge, or feces. It also can be spread by fleas who have been feeding an infected cat. Humans also can inadvertently pass FPV after handling items that an infected cat came into contact with.

What Are The Symptoms?

The primary symptoms of FVP include:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Lethargy
  • Dehydration
  • Fever
  • Self isolating behavior

How Is It Diagnosed And Treated?

Your cat’s doctor will use pet history, behavior as well as clinic signs to suspect FPV. There are several test that can also be done to confirm a FPV diagnosis such as blood test, and urinalysis.

There is no cure of FPV but if caught soon enough it may be treatable. Fluids will be one of the first treatments that will be offered and then additional supportive care will be provided depending on the severity of your pets infection

Feline Calicivirus

What Is It?

Feline calicivirus is a highly contagious virus that causes respiratory infections and oral disease in cats.

How Is It Transmitted?

Calicivirus is highly contagious and infected cats can spread the virus in saliva or secretions from the nose or eyes. There is also evidence to suggest that cats may also be able to spread the virus through urine and feces. The viruses is also able to survive and inanimate objects for up to a month depending on the environment.

What Are The Symptoms?

Most cats will start to show signs 14-21 days after becoming infected. The most common signs of the infection are as follows:

  • Sneezing
  • Nasal congestions
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Nasal discharge
  • Tongue ulcers
  • Nose ulcers
  • Excessive drooling
  • Lethargy
  • Fever
  • Lameness

How Is It Diagnosed And Treated?

The doctor will use clinical signs as well as pet history to assist with the diagnosis of calicivirus. While there are tests to definitively diagnosis calicivirus, most often your cat’s vet will start treatment for the respiratory issues once clinical signs are noticed. Supportive and symptomatic treatments are the most common course of treatment which helps your cat’s natural immune system in fighting off the infection.

Feline Leukemia

What Is It?

Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) is a virus that only affects cats. FeLV is a disease that impairs the cats natural immune system.

How Is It Transmitted?

FeLV is spread primarily through cats saliva but can also be spread through blood, eye discharge, feces and urine. This disease only affects cats and cannot be spread to humans or other pets.

What Are The Symptoms?

FeLV can prevent itself in many ways due to the nature of the infection. It is possible for your cat to live years without any symptoms however they may progressively have deteriorating or reoccurring health problems. Below are some of the more common issues that can arise;

  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Poor coat condition
  • Pail gums
  • Persistent fever
  • Chronic infections (skin, urinary, upper respiratory etc.)
  • Seizures
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Progressive lethargy or weakness

How Is It Diagnosed And Treated?

It is possible to get a positive diagnosis with a blood test. If FeLV positive yet receive a negative result multiple test may be needed to be done due to the high chance of false negatives

Sadly there is no cure for FeLV. Supportive care may be recommeneded to slow down the progression of the disease and to treat any secondary infections that may have resulted due to the FeLV infection. It is important to keep your cat away from any other cats as soon as you find out hey have been positively diagnosed to prevent any other cats from contracting the disease.

Contact Us

Bloomingdale Animal Hospital

Location

290 Glen Ellyn Road Bloomingdale, IL 60108

Clinic Hours

Monday / Tuesday: 8:30 AM - 7:00 PM
Wednesday: 8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Thursday: 8:30 AM - 7:00 PM
Friday: 8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Saturday: 8:30 AM - 12:00 PM
Sunday: Closed